Why “Less is More” When It Comes to Network Security
If you follow the news at all, it shouldn’t surprise you that the number of breaches and leaks last year broke a world’s record. What is surprising, however, is over two-thirds of the exposed records were literally available on the Internet.
That’s not a joke. On the Internet.
To quote the study: “68.7% of exposed records came at the hands of unintentional Web-borne exposure, due to accidental leaking online and misconfigured services & portals.”
That is staggering.
Problems as simple as basic configuration errors are placing sensitive data within the reach of thieves. And not just thieves — search engines (yes, search engines) have been able to access leaked information, as well, through exposed data records.
With all the work we do as security professionals in building an advanced cyber-security system, to go and leave data or backups unprotected is like building a house and forgetting to lock the doors. (At least with a house, risk is limited to the content’s value.)
Leaking customer or employee data can destroy a company’s reputation, trust, and relationships with customers and employees. Many businesses never recover.
RedLock CSI reported that 53% of Amazon S3 (Simple Storage Service) customers have at least one cloud service exposed to the Internet; more than half. The app developers I’ve worked with are generally quite competent at their craft. It’s hard to imagine so many people incapable of installing S3 correctly and safely.
If over half of a platform’s customer base make an error, it seems likely there is a complexity problem. Hopefully Amazon will examine these issues and find ways to redesign S3 configurations to default to a safer state, reducing room for human error. But perhaps what we need is not more complexity, but less complexity, to increase the security of our organizations.
While it may be difficult to predict which subnets or IP addresses a server may need to communicate with, it’s often easy to know how close (from a proximity basis) a machine must be. This is what we do at HOPZERO; we leverage proximity to simplify network security and reduce configuration errors.
Here are two questions to consider:
- Should a machine be accessible beyond the data center?
- Can that accessibility be tightened further, to restrict communication to a specific zone, cluster, or specific rack?
Most critical information typically resides in database servers. These database servers should probably only be accessible by adjacent application servers.
Servers like this rarely need to allow connections from outside a zone or compartment within the data center. Limiting default travel to the local zone, and carving out an exception for backups, eliminates the threat of remote access.
These rules are easy to understand and set, and a few simple configuration changes can reduce the possibility for human error and significantly improve security.
As you grow your network, how can you incorporate security by design and security, by default? Perhaps, by doing less, you can protect more.
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Ben Haley is the senior vice president of Engineering and co-founder of HOPZERO. During his over 30 years’ experience in software engineering, Ben has led network and application efforts for high performance, reliability, and security programs at multiple firms. As founding development director for NetQoS/CA Technologies, Ben led all development work and formed a research team to review performance and security anomalies. Most recently, he served as a lead architect for several key projects at MaxPoint (now Valassis), a leading digital marketing technology company.